Arab-Sasanian ‘Abd al-Malik bin Marwan (691 CE)

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Minted about the year when the Umayyad Caliph ‘Abd al-Malik bin Marwan ruled from Damascus and did not control the whole of the Hijaz as the rival Caliph, ‘Abd Allah bin al-Zubayr, nephew of ‘Aishah (r.a), ruled over a larger Muslim empire which included Makkah and Madinah after the Ummah became divided with the death of the Umayyad Caliph Marwan bin al-Hakam.

Minted about the year when the rival Caliph, ‘Abd Allah bin al-Zubayr, nephew of ‘Aishah (r.a) and grandson of Caliph Abu Bakar al-Siddiq (r.a), ruled over a larger Muslim empire which included Makkah and Madinah after the Ummah became divided with the death of the Umayyad Caliph Marwan bin al-Hakam.

Minted and known among Arabs as a Gold Dinar during the era when Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) frequented the trade route of the Quraysh into Sham and Yemen where he developed managerial and organizational skills in commerce under the tutelage of his beloved uncle and protector, Abi Talib.

Minted and known among Arabs as a Gold Dinar during the era when Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) received Revelation in Makkah and later in Madinah until he perfected the Deen of Islam as the Seal and the Most Beloved of the Prophets of Allah Subhanahu wa Ta’ala having being sent as a Mercy to all of His Creation.

Minted about the year of the very first Migration (Hijrah) of Muslims from Makkah and toward Abyssinia where the Christian Negus, Ashama ibn Abjar offered protection to the emigrants which included Uthman ibn al-Affan (r.a), the 3rd Caliph of Islam.

Minted about the 2nd year of Hijrah or the year of the Revelation of the pillar of Zakat, the change of Qiblah to Makkah from Jerusalem, the first year of fasting in Ramadan, the first year of payment of Zakat al-Fitr, the first year of solat Eid al-Fitr and Eid al-Adha, the year of the Battle of Badr and the year Fatimah bint Rasulillah (r.a) married Ali bin Abi Talib (r.a).

Minted about the year when Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) made an attempted pilgrimage to Makkah which led to the Treaty of Hudaibiyyah, and when he sent official letters to the major rulers of the world including Khusraw II of Sasanian Persia and Heraclius of Byzantine, inviting them and their people to embrace Islam.

Minted about the year when Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) made an attempted pilgrimage to Makkah which led to the Treaty of Hudaibiyyah, and when he sent official letters to the major rulers of the world including Khusraw II of Sasanian Persia and Heraclius of Byzantine, inviting them and their people to embrace Islam.

 

The only dirham found thus far that was minted about the year of birth of Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) also known as the Year of the Elephant when the Baitullah (House of Allah) or Ka’abah was protected by Ababil birds against the invasion of the Ethiopian ruler of Yemen, ‘Abraha.

Minted about the year of the marriage of Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) to Khadijah bint Khuwailid (r.a) (with a Mahar of 500 Silver Dirhams), the mother of Fatimah bint Rasulillah (r.a) who are both among the four most eminent Women of Paradise which includes Maryam bint ‘Imran (r.a) and Asiyah bint Mazaahim (r.a) the wife of Fir’aun.

Minted about the year of the marriage of Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) to Khadijah bint Khuwailid (r.a) (with a Mahar of 500 Silver Dirhams), the mother of Fatimah bint Rasulillah (r.a) who are both among the four most eminent Women of Paradise which includes Maryam bint ‘Imran (r.a) and Asiyah bint Mazaahim (r.a) the wife of Fir’aun.

Minted about the year of the very first Revelation of the Holy Qur’an (Surah al-‘Alaq 96:1-5) to Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) at Jabal al-Nuur near Makkah by the Angel Jibril (a.s).

Minted about the year of the very first Migration (Hijrah) of Muslims from Makkah and toward Abyssinia where the Christian Negus, Ashama ibn Abjar offered protection to the emigrants which included Uthman ibn al-Affan (r.a), the 3rd Caliph of Islam.

Minted about the 2nd year of Hijrah or the year of the Revelation of the pillar of Zakat, the change of Qiblah to Makkah from Jerusalem, the first year of fasting in Ramadan, the first year of payment of Zakat al-Fitr, the first year of solat Eid al-Fitr and Eid al-Adha, the year of the Battle of Badr and the year Fatimah bint Rasulillah (r.a) married Ali bin Abi Talib (r.a).

Minted about the 2nd year of Hijrah or the year of the Revelation of the pillar of Zakat, the change of Qiblah to Makkah from Jerusalem, the first year of fasting in Ramadan, the first year of payment of Zakat al-Fitr, the first year of solat Eid al-Fitr and Eid al-Adha, the year of the Battle of Badr and the year Fatimah bint Rasulillah (r.a) married Ali bin Abi Talib (r.a).